Philip Capet II, King of France
Isabella of Hainault, Queen consort of France
Alfonzo VIII, King of Castile and Toledo
Eleanor Plantagenet Queen consort of Castile and Toledo
Louis Capet VIII, King of France
Blanche of Castile Queen of France
Louis Capet IX, King of France


Family Links

1. Margaret of Provence, Queen of France

Louis Capet IX, King of France 1

  • Born: 25 Apr 1214, Poissy, Yvelines, Île-de-France, France
  • Marriage (1): Margaret of Provence, Queen of France on 27 May 1234
  • Died: 25 Apr 1270, French Tunis, North Africa at age 56

  General Notes:

Louis IX (25 April 1214 \endash 25 August 1270), commonly known as Saint Louis, is the only King of France to be canonized in the Catholic Church. Louis was crowned in Reims at the age of 12, following the death of his father Louis VIII; his mother, Blanche of Castile, ruled the kingdom as regent until he reached maturity. During Louis' childhood, Blanche dealt with the opposition of rebellious vassals and obtained a definitive victory in the Albigensian Crusade which had started 20 years earlier.

As an adult, Louis IX faced recurring conflicts with some of the most-powerful nobles, such as Hugh X of Lusignan and Peter of Dreux. Simultaneously, Henry III of England tried to restore his continental possessions, but was utterly defeated at the battle of Taillebourg. His reign saw the annexation of several provinces, notably parts of Aquitaine, Maine and Provence.

Louis IX was a reformer and developed French royal justice, in which the king was the supreme judge to whom anyone could appeal to seek the amendment of a judgment. He banned trials by ordeal, tried to prevent the private wars that were plaguing the country, and introduced the presumption of innocence in criminal procedure. To enforce the application of this new legal system, Louis IX created provosts and bailiffs.

Following a vow he made after a serious illness and confirmed after a miraculous cure, Louis IX took an active part in the Seventh and Eighth Crusades. He died from dysentery during the latter crusade, and was succeeded by his son Philip III.

Louis's actions were inspired by Christian zeal and Catholic devotion. He decided to severely punish blasphemy (for which he set the punishment to mutilation of the tongue and lips),[1] gambling, interest-bearing loans and prostitution. He spent exorbitant sums on presumed relics of Christ, for which he built the Sainte-Chapelle. He expanded the scope of the Inquisition and ordered the burning of Talmuds and other Jewish books. He is the only canonized king of France, and there are consequently many places named after him.

Louis married Margaret of Provence, Queen of France on 27 May 1234. (Margaret of Provence, Queen of France was born in 1221 in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France and died on 20 Dec 1295 in Paris, France.)


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