John of Gaunt First Duke of Lancaster
Blanche of Lancaster
Henry IV, King of England
Mary De Bohun
(Abt 1368-1394)
Henry V, King of England
(Between 1386/1387-1422)


Family Links

1. Catherine of Valois, Queen of England

Henry V, King of England 1

  • Born: Between 1386 and 1387, Monmouth Castle, Wales
  • Marriage (1): Catherine of Valois, Queen of England on 2 Jun 1420
  • Died: 31 Aug 1422, Château de Vincennes, France

bullet  General Notes:

enry V (16 September 1386 \endash 31 August 1422), also called Henry of Monmouth, was King of England from 1413 until his death in 1422. He was the second English monarch of the House of Lancaster. Despite his relatively short reign, Henry's outstanding military successes in the Hundred Years' War against France, most notably in his famous victory at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415, made England one of the strongest military powers in Europe.[3] Immortalised in Shakespeare's "Henriad" plays, Henry is known and celebrated as one of the greatest warrior kings of medieval England.

In his youth, during the reign of his father Henry IV, Henry gained military experience fighting the Welsh during the revolt of Owain Glyndwr and against the powerful aristocratic Percy family of Northumberland at the Battle of Shrewsbury. Henry acquired an increasing role in England's government due to the king's declining health, but disagreements between father and son led to political conflict between the two. After his father's death in 1413, Henry assumed control of the country and asserted the pending English claim to the French throne.

In 1415, Henry embarked on war with France in the ongoing Hundred Years' War (1337\endash 1453) between the two nations. His military successes culminated in his famous victory at the Battle of Agincourt (1415) and saw him come close to conquering France. Taking advantage of political divisions within France, he conquered large portions of the kingdom, resulting in Normandy's occupation by the English for the first time since 1345\endash 1360. After months of negotiation with Charles VI of France, the Treaty of Troyes (1420) recognised Henry V as regent and heir apparent to the French throne, and he was subsequently married to Charles's daughter, Catherine of Valois.

Following this conversation, everything seemed to point to the formation of a union between the kingdoms of France and England, in the person of King Henry. His sudden and unexpected death in France two years later condemned England to the long and difficult minority of his infant son and successor,[4] who reigned as Henry VI of England.


Henry married Catherine of Valois, Queen of England, daughter of Charles VI, King of France and Isabeau of Bavaria Queen of France, on 2 Jun 1420. (Catherine of Valois, Queen of England was born on 27 Oct 1401 in Paris, Île-de-France, France and died on 3 Jan 1437 in London, England.)



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