Andrew Gudgeon 1
- Born: 1733, Maryland, USA
- Marriage (1): Barbara Hoch before 1763
Another name for Andrew was Andrew Gudgel.
Noted events in his life were:
• Residence, 1763-1764, Redstone Area, Pennsylvania.
• Migrated, After 1788, Kentucky. Many of the families from the Redstone area sold out and went to Kentucky between 1780 and 1790. They went by Kentucky boats from the mouth of the Redstone then down the Ohio River and landed at Limestone, Kentucky (now Maysville). From there they moved on to the plains of Ohio. Other families moved up the river to the Mingotown area (now Steubenville, Ohio).
• Andrew Gudgel's land (317.5 acres) was Patented and he called it "Peaceable." (P-14-220): Andrew Gudgel's land (317.5 acres) was Patented and he called it "Peaceable." (P-14-220), 10 Jun 1788, Pennsylvania, USA.
• Andrew Gudgel sold his land: Andrew Gudgel sold his land, Oct 1788, Pennsylvania, USA. Andrew sold 200 acres to Jonas Cattell for 600 pounds, 54 acres to Thomas Gregg for 100 pounds and 60 acres to Alexander Neilan for 150 pounds.
The land record is the last records of the family in Pennsylvania.
• Bio-sketch. Nelson's Biographical Dictionary &
Historical Reference Book of Fayette County
Pioneer Settlers, 1752-1772
French and English fur traders were in the county before 1740
and Veech makes Wendall Brown the first permanent settler in
1752, while Ellis in inclined to grant the honor to Christopher
Gist in 1753. The French and Indian War drove Brown and his
three sons east and Gist's Monongehela settlement of eleven
families at Mt. Braddock was broken up by the French in 1754.
Settlement again commenced in 1763 and five years later it is
claimed that five hundred people were living on the territory
of Fayette county, while in 1772 the population was placed at
over 800 or about 175 families. But little record of many of these
can be found and we can present a partial list of this account.
1768- In this year a commission came out to warn all settlers
off the land until it was bought from the Indians.
Appended to the Commissioners report was a list of
settlers, as follows; The names of the inhabitants near
Redstone: John Wiseman, Henry Prisser, William Linn,
William Colvin, john Vervalson, Abraham Tygard, Thomas
Brown, Richard Rogers, Henry Swarz(Swartz), Joseph
McClean, Jesse Martin, Adam Hatton, John Verwal Jr.,
James Waller, Thomas Downs, Andrew Gudgeon, Philip
Sute, James Crawford, John Peters, Michael Hooten,
Andrew Linn, Gabriel Conn, John Martin, Hans Cook,
Danie McKay, Josias Crawford, One Provence,
Andrew and his wife came over the Allegheny Mountains from thefrontier country of Cecil, Maryland probably by way of Braddock'sRoad, over to the Monongahela River up to the Redstone area about1763 or 64. During the period between 1763 and 1768 about150 familiescame into the area from the frontier counties of Virginia andMaryland, chiefly from Virginia. They settled along the Cheat,Yough, Turkey-foot and Redstone Rivers.
At this time, Pennsylvania's proprietorship was not yetrecognized. Pennsylvania didn't complete it's purchase of this landfrom the Six Nations until November of 1768 and the Mason-Dixon linehad been stopped by the Shawnees and Delaware Indians where it crossedthe Catawba War Path at Dunkard Creek in 1767 (near Mt. Morris, PA inGreen County) and was not completed until 1784 to settle thePennsylvania and Virginia boundaries. The families that settled herethought they were on Maryland or Virginia Territory, which proved tobe a great source of trouble for them later on.
The Delaware and Shawnee Indians in this area were at peace withthe settlers, trading and hunting with them and the settlers buyingsettlement rights from the Indians. Andrew purchased 318 acresbetween Redstone and Jacob's Creek, near the Monongahela River inwhat is now Luzerne Township in Fayette County, PA. He "tomahawked"his claim to this land, as was common practice at the time, andsettled there.
The first record found of Andrew Gudgeon was in an old account bookof William Colvin, dated 1767 in the territory now called RedstoneTownship. Colvin had a store in which he sold articles such as finecombs, rum, broadcloth, whiskey, tobacco, egg-punch, egg-nog,vinegar, salt and other necessities to the settlers. Andrewis listedin this book as Andrew Grigen. Andrew was listed amng the names ofthe inhabitants near Redstone furnished to Governor Penn dated April2, 1768 by Rev. John Steele of Carlisle and three other citizens ofCumberland whowere sent out to distribute proclamations to thesettlers to remove themselves and their families from these lands. Theproclamations stated that they had settled without authority ofGovernor Penn. His name was shown as Andrew Gudgeon (Gudgel) on thislist. In 1772 he was listed on Assessment Rolls of Sprinhill Twp,Bedford County (which included all of southwestern Pennsylvania until1773.
The following items are taken from old court records and althoughincomplete, they show dates and indicate some of the problems Andrewencountered in gaining clear title to his property.
Item: April 14, 1772 The King vs. Abraham Teagarden, WilliamTeagarden, John Death, Andrew Gudgel, Michael Cox, Jacob Coleman,George Myers, John Hupp, Henry Thomas; Coleman pleads guilty andsubmits to the Crown - Judgement - that he pay 1 pound 5 shillings toHis Honor the Governor, cost of prosecution.
Item: October Court Term 1773 Case #232 - Greensbarg Courthouse,Westmorland County, PA: Lee Charles Dowling vs Andrew Gutshall andJosiah Crawford - Ejectment suit.
Item: Fayette County Continuance Docket #1, 1783-1801 DecemberCourt Term, 1790
Executors of Michael Cresap vs Daniel Gutchell for bail of AndrewGutchell. (Daniel was the son of Andrew)
It was not until after the boundary controversy, RevolutionaryWar and the ejectment suits were settled that Andrew gained cleartitle to his land. The land was surveyed on June 6, 1770 and his LandPatent dated June 10, 1788 for 317.5 acres (P-14-220) and he called it"Peaceable." This land was sold in October 1788; 200acres to JonasCattell for 600 pounds, 54 acres to Thomas Gregg for 100 pounds and60 acres to Alexander Neilan for 150 pounds. There are no furtherrecords of the family after Andrew sold his land.
Many of the families from the Redstone area sold out and migratedto Kentucky between 1780 and 1790. They went by Kentucky boats fromthe mouth of the Redstone then down the Ohio River landing at Limstone(now Maysville) KY. From there many migrated on to the plains ofOhio. Other families moved up the river to the Mingotown area (nowSteubenville, Ohio).
In 1784 Daniel Gudgel and Samuel Douglas were running a mill atMerrittstown, PA; there was a road built from Josiah Crawford's Ferryto Uniontown by way of their mill.
Ref: Deed Book A, Page 252043 Fayette Co, PA Sale recorded Dec.24,25, 1788
History of Fayette County, Pa by Ellis
Monongahela of Old by James Veach
The Horn Papers Vol III - Luzerne Township, Fayette County,PA
Bureau of Land Records at Harrisburg, PA
Andrew married Barbara Hoch before 1763.